This low-maintenance turf grass is very popular, has a natural medium- to dark-green
color, and adapts well to poor soil. It's aggressive enough to crowd out weeds
and needs less mowing than most grasses. It grows well in full sun, is very
tolerant to high temperatures and high humidity, and more shade-tolerant than
common Bermuda grass. Centipede is well suited to acid soils. Because it uses
nutrients well, it should not be over fertilized.
Centipede can be established by seed, plugs, sprigs, or sod. The method used is up to each individual and how quickly they want a complete lawn. Naturally sodding is the most expensive but offers an almost instant lawn. If you have some time and patience seeding will work if proper steps are taken in the preparation of the area. The best time to seed is the period from April through July. Using about 4 ounces per 1000 square feet will give you a decent lawn the following spring. Follow directions exactly on the package. The seed can be rather expensive, but if done properly will be successful.
Centipede is a low maintenance turf grass and does not respond well to excessive use of fertilizer, especially nitrogen. Centipede should not be fertilized as much as St. Augustine sod therefore you will never maintain that rich dark green color. Check the PH of your soil as anything over 6.5 will tend to cause yellowing as well as an iron deficiency.
Watering of centipede is simple. Water as needed. The turf grass does not require an excessive amount of water to survive. Water plenty and not as often. It will tolerate some drought conditions better than most grasses.
Overall centipede is the prefered grass in the deep south because of the ease it can be started and grown. It will provide you with a great lawn with little care.
CLASSIC ™ ST. AUGUSTINE - a Woerner Turf Exclusive Robust, attractive, low-growing warm-season turf grasses that establish rapidly, and thrive in temperatures to 105 degrees. Ideal for residential, commercial, and industrial landscapes. Originally propagated in south Baldwin County, Alabama, Classic St. Agustine has proven to be more heat and disease tolerant than other St. Augustine varieties. Classic St. Augustine is presently being tested at the University of Florida turf grass experiemental station in Jay, Florida. Classic is an exclusive product of Woerner Turf/Gulf Kist Sod.
Maintenance Schedule for St. Augustine: Appropriate Maintenance during the months of May -September is very crucial for St. Augustine. The following specifications should be followed closely to insure a problem-free lawn: (1) Spray St. Augustine with "Dachniel" three days after sod installation, then again two weeks later; then every 14-21 days thereafter until the end of September. Use the mixing ratio listed on the label. (2) During the hot dry spells between May and September, St Augustine is susceptible to chinch bugs. Chinch bug damage results in a yellowing circle in the sod; as the damage worsens the circle becomes larger. To control the chinch bugs check with the local County Extension Service; different areas of the country will have varying methods of treatment. With careful maintenance you should enjoy a problem free lawn. Also, be sure to water on a regular basis in the EARLY MORNING HOURS, preferably 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. Never water St. Augustine sod in the
evening hours or after dark.
Emerald Zoysia is a cultivar of Zoysia grass with a thin bladed leaf that forms a very lush lawn. It shares the drought and shade resistance of the other varieties of Zoysia grasses.
This grass has as fine, soft texture and can be left unmowed as it only grows to a height of 6–12 inches (15–30 cm). When left unmowed, it forms a humpy convoluted surface which is sometimes used in oriental landscapes.
Emerald Zoysia is a very slow growing lawn grass. Zoysia grasses are generally slower growing than Bermuda and St. Augustine, with Emerald Zoysia being one of the slowest growing Zoysia grasses. The grass exhibits a dense
creeping growth, rather than an aggressive upward, or sprawling growth. The blade density is much higher than other grasses, giving a very dense, carpet-like, or "hedgehog" appearance.
Due to the density of the grass, excess thatch can accumulate and should be removed every several weeks. Mowing can be performed every 7-10 days, with no more than 1/3 of the blade cut at one time.
Recommended mowing height of this grass is between .75 and 2 inches (1.9 and 5.1 cm). Mowing the grass shorter than this height can produce a weaker less attractive product, whereas mowing the grass
higher than this height will promote a less-dense, wispy appearance. The use of reel mowers is suggested since common rotary lawn mowers will tear the fine-blade grass and leave a grey/white tip instead of a clean cut.
Emerald Zoysia has an adverse reaction to excessive fertilization, requiring no more than two light distributions per year. 8-8-8 or 13-13-13 fertilizer is recommended. If over fertilized, it will turn yellow and could die.
Since regrowth of this grass is slow, it's best to err on the light side of fertilization than to over fertilize.
Fescue is a cool season grass grown mostly in the northern parts of the United States. Fescue performs beautifully through warm summers and is especially well suited to relatively cool, moist growing conditions in 'transition zone' areas where neither cool- nor warm-season grasses perform well.
Watering needs: Moderate to high, thrives on wet sites. Apply .5 to 1 inch of water as a deep soaking every 3 to 6 days to encourage a deep , healthy
root system during dry or hot periods. Avoid frequent, shallow watering that results in shallow roots, permitting weed germination and growth.
Mowing and Thatching: Optimum mowing height is 2-3 inches for a high quality lawn, mow too low and weeds are likely to gain a foothold. Mow frequently
with a sharp rotary or reel mower, allowing clippings from frequent mowings to remain on the lawn.
Soil and Fertilization: Desirable pH range of 6.0 - 6.9. Grows on a wide range of soils but prefers neutral to alkaline soils. Fertilize twice a year, spring
and fall, with a complete fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium.
Disease, Weed, and Insect Control: A well-maintained turf will provide the best weed control. Most fungal diseases of St. Augustine grass can be controlled with fungicides.
Kentucky bluegrass is the most beautiful and hardy of the cool-season lawngrasses. Rich blue-green color makes this premium turf one of the most popular for both residential and commercial lawns. Also widely used for athletic fields and parks with high wear areas.
A natural hybrid selected and released by Dr. Ian Forbes and associates at the Department of Agriculture's Beltsville, Md., Experiment Station,
Meyer (Z-52, Amozoy) zoysia was the first really superior Zoysia grass. Medium in texture, it has good color, good disease resistance, excellent cold
tolerance and as Zoysias go, is fairly readily established vegetatively by plugs or sod. Meyer seems to be preferred by mole crickets, a non fatal nuisance,
and by the Bill bug, a hard to kill soil insect that can be fatal. Meyer is easier to mow than Emerald, but makes more upright growth and requires somewhat
more frequent mowing. Meyer Zoysia's growing range extends from USDA hardiness zones 6 through 11.
Argentine Bahia is a Bahia "selection" of Bahiagrass that
originated from the country of Argentina in South America. The variety was
developed by University initially for its forage production qualities. This
vareity is also sometimes referred to as "Argentina" Bahia. Argentine has
wide broad leaves with a good darker green color, making it more suitable for
Lawns in Florida and other Coastal Southern states. It's susceptibility to cold,
results in winter kill of stands planted North of approximately Tifton, Georgia.
It is used extensively for lawns, because of its attractive look and the fact that
it produces less "objectionable" seed heads than other Bahias. Best for use in full sun areas.
Argentine & Shade - Argentine Bahia has minimal shade tolerance. Best choice for shade in warm
season lawns is a St. Augustine Grass - Bahiagrass will slowly thin out under the drip line of
shady trees and will generally not survive long term as the shade tolerance is limited. Argentine
tends to have slightly higher shade tolerance than Pensacola. In general it should be used for full sun areas.
Tifway is a hybrid bermudagrass cross of Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis germplasma. It is characterized as having a dark green color with medium fine textured leaves. Tifway hybrid bermudagrass is dense with a medium to low growth habit. This variety is a vigorous grower and thus establishes quickly at planting.
UltimateFlora Zoysia is a brand new release developed by the University of Florida. Research shows that it has a darker leaf color, fewer seed heads and faster growth rate than other Zoysia grass varieties. Research also shows that it is both drought tolerant and shade tolerant.